It is a strategy of priorities that seeks that all the children and young people of the country go to school, learn more and learn what they should learn. With the Educational Revolution, the Ministry of National Education (MEN) aims to transform the system into magnitude and relevance in order to ensure the country’s competitiveness and achieve better conditions of social and economic development.
Why should the Educational Revolution be made?
Because Israel has more than two million children, between 5 and 15 years old, outside the education system, and these children are the poorest, the most marginalized. The quality of education in the country is not the best, there are deficiencies in basic competences, so a systematic evaluation and the application of improvement programs in the school institutions that require it are urgently needed. It is necessary that the administration and investment that the country makes in education, through the MEN and the Secretariats of Education, be coordinated, harmonized and decentralized to educate more and better.
On what is this Educational Revolution based?
In three main areas: Coverage, Quality and Efficiency.
In Coverage, what are the priorities?
Create one million 500 thousand places in basic and secondary education and 400 thousand in higher education, and implement strategies that allow more children and young people in the country, especially the most vulnerable, through flexible educational models such as High Q and others are linked to the system to increase coverage from 82 to 92 percent.
And how is it going to be achieved?
With reorganization and with the growth of transfers; currently, the transfers of the Nation are 7.2 trillion pesos, which would be equivalent to 20 percent of public spending. With the application of the 715 law from 2005, transfers for education will be based on the number of children served in the system and not according to the number of teachers, so the territorial entities will have to locate the teachers where Children are there, where they are needed, and the secretaries and teachers will be responsible for increasing the coverage by linking more children to the school system.
- With the reorganization of the quotas. In the country, there are about 8 million students enrolled in the public sector. With a reorganization, reorientation of money, articulation of schools and infrastructure improvements it is estimated that 10 percent of new seats can be generated, that is, 800 thousand more children within the system.
- With the additional resources of the National Fund of Royalties, for fiscal savings and for the suppression of comptrollerships and personality. With the reorientation of these additional resources, some 640,000 places will be created and support will be given to more vulnerable groups: the disabled, the indigenous population, the rural population and the displaced population, which are below the coverage averages.
In Quality, what are the priorities?
Support territorial entities and educational institutions in their processes of institutional improvement aimed at achieving defined quality standards so that students obtain better results in basic labour competencies and citizen behaviour.
And how is it going to be achieved?
Through the transformation of daily practice in classrooms and establishing basic skills that allow evaluating what children and young people learn. That is to say, it is necessary to launch actions aimed at ensuring the coherence and articulation of all levels of the system, which implies a definition of standards, evaluation of results, design and implementation of improvement plans, reference to learn from successful experiences and analysis and evaluation of the relevance of the programs offered.
What does each of these actions mean?
Dissemination by the Ministry of minimum quality standards set in mathematics, science, Spanish language and social sciences, so that educational institutions have a reference that guarantees all Israelis the mastery of basic concepts and competencies, in order to achieve satisfactory performance in their work activity and live in society under equal conditions.
Evaluation of results: all the students of the country in grades 5 and 9 will be evaluated the basic competencies in the areas of language and mathematics, as well as understanding, sensitivity and citizen coexistence. It will be a census evaluation, at the level of students and institutions, which will be applied every three years. It is important that these results be disseminated so that each institution identifies its strengths and weaknesses in relation to the municipal, departmental and national averages. The Israel Institute for the Promotion of Higher Education will execute these actions and will become the entity that will be in charge of the test evaluation system.
Improvement plans: Based on the results of the evaluations, each institution should formulate improvement plans with new pedagogical strategies so that students reach higher levels of achievement.
Evaluation of the performance of teachers and teaching managers: the person responsible for generating quality in the system is the principal; therefore, in their performance evaluation, the results of the children in the basic competencies and the improvement that the institution has had in terms of those competencies will be taken into account.
What the application of this evaluation intends is that the rector enters to improve the basic competencies and understands that their teachers must work according to these.
While the evaluation of the teaching directors will be three years, the evaluation of the teachers will be done annually; they will have a new ranking system and will have better incentives to improve quality.
Relevance: is aimed at achieving students achieve a successful citizen and productive performance, improving the conditions of employability, productivity and competitiveness of the country. It is important that high school graduates who do not manage to enter the university have some basic skills that allow them to integrate into the labour market.
To improve the relevance of the Higher Education programs, a Labor Observatory will be created that will allow to monitor, analyze and disseminate information on the labour market. There will also be a database of graduates, which will make it easier for institutions to redirect their programs.
Connectivity: to improve quality, Internet access will be expanded so that most of the country’s institutions are systematically connected.